Techniques of drilling oil wells

Oil and gas have become among the most precious natural resources available on the Earth. Nations that are rich in these valuable commodities have established themselves as the most wealthy and powerful nations in the world, having great influence over the world economy. Both oil and gas have, over the past several decades, become dominating elements for several industrial and household purposes.

Of late many countries used to completely depend on the Gulf countries for meeting their regular demand for crude oil. As a result, countries importing crude oil from other nations have had to pay heavy amounts for shipping and transporting of the oil to their respective countries. With the latest advancements in technology, many of these countries have started exploring oil wells within their geographical boundaries to somewhat mitigate the cost of importing. Some have witnessed a successful result from this endeavor and have discovered huge oil reserves on their land. This trend may eventually make such countries sufficient enough to meet their home needs for crude oil. In some cases, their oil wells have produced surplus amounts of oil which they can export to other needing nations in exchange for their foreign currency.

With oil wells taking a vital place in forming a country’s wealth, their decreasing oil production over the course of time has become another point of concern. For controlling the depletion of oil, many researchers have come up with new drilling techniques which are far better than the conventional drilling method known as the percussion method. However, this method is used widely across the globe because it involves penetration of Earth’s crust with the help of heavy drilling equipment. Although the process is fruitful, its biggest disadvantage is that it consumes a lot of time, water and even energy, and sometimes also requires complete stopping of the drilling process itself.

As far as modern drilling methods are concerned, the use of the horizontal drilling technique has been proven very effective in comparison to the conventional one. The greatest plus-point of this method is its horizontal drilling procedure that covers a large surface area, which eventually makes the oil wells more productive.

The invention of modern drilling techniques makes sure that companies involved in the drilling and exploration of oil wells get to the roots of the oil reserves located at the far-stretched corners of their drilling sites. With this latest development, oil drilling companies have now  managed to claw out the deep-pockets of oil reserves located in populated areas without disturbing the inhabitants of that region. Therefore, it has become quite clear that advanced drilling techniques have brought a major boon to the industry of drilling oil wells.